History of Google

Evolution of the World’s Most Used Search Engine

Google has changed the world of technology and information as we know it. The ubiquitous search engine has transformed the way we live our digital lives and continues to shape the landscape of the internet. This article will take a deep dive into the history of Google, from its humble beginnings at Stanford University to its current position as the world’s most used search engine.

Founding of Google

Origin at Stanford University

In 1996, Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two Ph.D. students at Stanford University, embarked on a research project that would change the face of technology. Their idea was to develop a new kind of search algorithm that analyzed the relationships between websites by ranking them based on the number of other webpages linking back to them. They called this system “BackRub.”

Birth of Google

As their project gained traction, Page and Brin saw the potential for a commercial product. In 1997, they registered the domain name Google.com, a playful twist on the mathematical term “googol” which represents a 1 followed by 100 zeros, reflecting their mission to organize the immense amount of information available on the web.

Google’s First Home

Operating from Susan Wojcicki’s garage in Menlo Park, California, Google was officially incorporated on September 4, 1998. Wojcicki would later become the CEO of YouTube.

Google’s Early Years

Search Engine Popularity

Google’s unique PageRank algorithm quickly set it apart from other search engines of the time, gaining it a reputation for delivering relevant search results efficiently.

Investment and Growth

An initial investment of $100,000 from Sun Microsystems co-founder, Andy Bechtolsheim, helped Google transition from a research project to a commercial enterprise.

Google’s Expansion and New Ventures

Introduction of AdWords

In 2000, Google launched AdWords, a self-service platform for creating online ad campaigns. The pay-per-click model allowed advertisers to pay only when users clicked on their ads, ensuring that businesses of all sizes could reach potential customers efficiently.

IPO and Further Investments

Google went public in 2004 with an initial public offering (IPO) that raised $1.67 billion. This funding fueled further innovation and expansion.

Launching of Google Maps and Google Earth

In 2005, Google launched Google Maps and Google Earth, providing users with detailed geographical information and satellite imagery from around the world.

Google and the Mobile Revolution

Acquisition of Android

In 2005, Google acquired Android Inc., positioning itself at the center of the smartphone revolution. The Android operating system was launched in 2008 and quickly became the most widely used smartphone operating system in the world.

Introduction of Google Chrome and Chrome OS

Google launched its own web browser, Google Chrome, in 2008. Chrome OS, a Linux-based operating system designed to work primarily with web applications, followed in 2009.

Google’s Recent Developments and Future Plans

AI and Machine Learning

Today, Google is at the forefront of advancements in artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning, developing tools like Google Assistant, Google Home, and contributing to projects like DeepMind.

Google’s Reorganization under Alphabet

In a surprising move in 2015, Google announced a corporate restructuring under a new parent company called Alphabet Inc. This allowed Google to focus on core businesses, while other ventures like Calico, Verily, and Waymo became separate entities under Alphabet.


From a simple search engine to a technological conglomerate, Google has changed the way we interact with the world. Today, it’s hard to imagine life without Google’s various tools and platforms. The company continues to innovate, pushing the boundaries of what’s possible in technology and information management.


  1. Google’s official website
  2. Stanford University’s official website
  3. Alphabet’s official website